There are five types of folds: Column fold, Inert Fold, Coil Fold, Drape Fold, and Interlocking Fold. Each has their own attribute and apply to certian situations. Here’s the breakdown:
1. Column Fold
A column fold occurs when fabric is suspended from one point. They are cone and cylinder shaped. Whether the fold is hanging straight down or is blown sideways, if it’s from one point, it’s a column fold. Column folds examples can be found at shower curtains, window curtains, towels, table cover, and bed skirts.
To draw column folds, notice how it all bunches up at the one point and expands outwards. Make sure that if you have any patterns, it follows the fold.
Inert folds are inactive fabrics that is lying on a surface and is no longer being supported. Some examples of inert folds are bottoms of long curtains, clothes lying on the floor, and a bridal dress train.
When this occurs, the clothes may interlock as shown on the right hand side of the drawing. Inert folds also creates column-like bends on the clothes as shown in the other example below.
3. Coil Folds
Coil folds may be found wrapping around a cylindrical form. The coil shows movement of the form underneath it. They may be found around the arm, leg, and torso. Coils are most distinct when the cloth is tight around the form! If you have loose pants, for example, none or very little coils are present.
4. Drape Fold
Drape folds are like the column fold except, instead of one point, there are two points present to suspend the cloth. The two points create a “U” shape in between. Most obvious examples includes scarves, capes, hoods, and curtains swagged onto a curtain rod.
5. Interlocking Fold
Interlocking folds is when one fold fits inside the other and can be found when someone is wearing a scarf or has a rolled-up sleeve.